Carnelian is an orange-red variety of cryptocrystalline quartz (chalcedony).
Colour: Orange, deep red to brownish-red, often banded with white.
Common geological occurrences: India, Australia, China, USA.
Crystallography: Forming in veins and cavities as a secondary mineral carnelian may also present a botryoidal habit. Typically banded due to the varying amounts of trace elements during formation defining the concentration of colour. Colour cause by Iron oxides.
Crystal care: Whilst carnelian isn't a 'soft' stone it is still prone to scratching and surface dulling over time if not handled with care.
MOH's Hardness 7
General crystal care here
Happiness, Energy, Motivation
Carnelian has an exciting, joyful energy that helps us to see the world with a bright, sunny outlook. It resonates with the sacral chakra bringing pleasure to your mind, body and spirit. Carnelian is also a stabilizing crystal, creating balance in your life. It also works well to stimulate and motivate stone assisting with clearance of a listless attitude therefore bringing vitality and happiness to your life.